Part 2 of What You Need to Know to Make the Right Carpet Selection for Your Home

Part 1 of What You Need to Know to Make the Right Carpet Selection for Your Home offered valuable information on the various carpet fibers. This 2nd installment of the article highlights something equally important about carpeting. And that is Carpet construction types; the different styles of carpet backing, pile, and padding.

Types of Carpet Backing

The type of backing on carpet not only affects its durability and how fibers are attached, but carpet pile density, as well. An important factor when selecting the best carpet for a particular location in your home.


  • A tighter grid pattern allows for denser fiber dispersion, resulting in a more luxurious look and feel. Rule of thumb - the denser the weave, the more resilient and soil resistant the carpet. Of course, this also goes hand in hand with the type of carpet fiber used. And costs will reflect that.
  • A larger grid pattern makes for a looser weave - resulting in a more economically priced, but less durable, carpet. However, if you are a DIY carpet installer on a budget and quality carpet isn't a priority less dense carpet can work fine for many applications.
  • In addition to these types of carpet backing, cushioned backed carpet is another option. With foam bonded right to its backside, the need for carpet padding and tackless strips is eliminated. This can cut down on installation time, difficulty level, and project costs.

    Unfortunately, this convenience is offset by quality loss, because manufacturing carpet this way often results in a less durable product.

    Carpet Construction Types

    The type of fiber used is important to the wear ability and functionality of carpeting. Equally important are the methods used during construction that affect its characteristics; carpet pile density, quality, and appearance.

    Knowing more about carpet construction types will help you make a better DIY carpet purchasing decision. Consider the following:

  • Loop pile carpet - rounded ends of uncut yarn are pushed up through the backing. This creates a raised textured look; whether the texture is distributed to form a distinct pattern, or randomly arranged.

    Variations include level loop, textured, loop, multilevel loop, and cut and loop pile carpet - also called “sculpture.” Utilizing a combination of cut and loop pile yarns. This is the right carpet for heavy traffic areas, because its construction makes it impervious to crushing. Great for hallways and family rooms.

    Another loop pile carpet option is Berber carpet. Exceptionally durable and high in demand.

  • Velvet cut pile carpet - yarns are cut evenly in such a way that color stays uniform, regardless of the direction the pile is brushed in. And because velvet cut pile carpet is the densest type of carpet available and so luxurious looking, it is perfect for formal living areas.
  • Saxony carpet - with bi-level cut yarns that give it a speckled, almost tweedy appearance; known for its comfort and softness underfoot. Saxony is also known as “plush carpet,” and is available in textured styles. Although it can show traffic and vacuum marks, it is regarded by many homeowners as the best carpet overall for residential purposes. Newer textured versions have a rougher finish that resists crushing.
  • Freize carpet - pronounced “fra-zay,” it consists of curly, springy pile made up of lightly twisted soft yarns. Sheared the same length to create an informal “tousled” look. The soft texture is pleasant on bare feet, while the twisted yarns provide durability.

    Freize carpet is recommended for high traffic areas because it does not show dirt or footprints as readily as other types of carpet. The pile can, however, become permanently crushed by weighted objects. Such as large, heavy pieces of furniture.

    Once you know the type carpet you want, select the right carpet padding; whether bonded urethane foam, prime urethane, rubber, or fiber. And then you are ready to make the best carpet purchase decision for your home. A better-informed decision; one based on carpet fiber and carpet construction type, not merely appearance and price

    Note: for more information on the various types of carpet padding, research the free, exclusive article data base; right here, at

    Posted by: Lori
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